On the EU level, environmental goals are set out based on limitations, demands, and operating conditions that are directly tied to activities in certain industries.
The following directives needed to be followed in our field until 2010:
- The IPPC Directive: 2008/1/ES (formerly 96/61/ES)
- Directive 2001/80/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2001 on the limitation of emissions of certain pollutants into the air from large combustion plant
- Directive 2000/76/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 December 2000 on the incineration of waste
- The VOC Directive (Directive 1999/13/EC on the limitation of emissions of volatile organic compounds due to the use of organic solvents in certain activities and installations ) and
- The three directives pertaining to TiO2: 78/176/EGS, 82/883/EGS and 92/112/EGS;
or indirectly, the more general environmental policies such as the EU Air Quality Policy and the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) needed to be followed as well.
“IED replacing IPPC.”
The 2010/75/EU directive was adopted in 2010, replacing the 7 above-mentioned directives dealing with industrial pollution.
Similarly as the old directives, the new directive presupposes a constant renewal of permits on the grounds of not only technological changes, but also legislative amendments that were spurred by the latest advancements in technology and the lower limits that can be reached with the help of the said advancements.
There are currently 52.000 devices in Europe for which manufacturers are required to obtain environmental permits based on the IPPC Directive, of those the Slovenian IPPC register currently includes 155 devices.
Limitations for allowed air emissions and waste water discharges from individual industries in Slovenia are set out in special regulations sector that determine the limitations and rules of management in line with the latest, most advanced techniques available.
That said, these provisions of these regulations are not limited to devices with a nominal production capacity above the threshold set forth in the directive, but apply to all devices in the particular industries, regardless of their size. All manufacturers, regardless of the capacity of devices they manufacture, must be mindful of the requirements and obligations stemming from the general Regulation on the emissions of substances from stationary pollution sources, the Rules and guidelines on the initial measurements and operational monitoring of emissions from stationary pollution sources and the conditions for their implementation, as well as the Regulation on pollution and heat emissions, untreated waste water and sewage discharges and the Rules and guidelines on the initial measurements and operational monitoring of untreated waste water discharges and the conditions for their implementation.
Source: The Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Slovenia